Do you have a dog or planning to get one? The earlier you start getting education about Canines the better for you and your family. Parents and guardians should supervise all interactions between children and dogs. A child should not be left alone with a dog unless that child has demonstrated competent dog handling skills, has a knowledge of canine communication and dog and child share a long-established relationship based on mutual understanding, love and respect.
Babies, toddlers, and young children should never be left alone with a dog. All interactions should be actively supervised. Parents can educate their children about how to behave around dogs and how to recognize a bite risk situation. If a bite occurs the child should be reassured that she/he is not at fault.
The fault lies with the owner or adult handler of the dog. If a bite occurs the child should be seen by a doctor no matter how minor the injury may seem. In the case of a severe attack, trauma counseling should be sought for the child. The bite should be reported to the appropriate authorities.
Parents should teach children the following (these apply to their own dog, other dogs that they know and strange dogs):
Dogs do not like hugs and kisses. This is a major cause of facial bites to children.
Do not to approach dogs that are not their own, even if the dog is on leash with its handler.
IF YOU, AS A PARENT, DECIDE THAT YOU THINK IT IS SAFE FOR YOUR CHILD TO APPROACH A PARTICULAR DOG — TEACH YOUR CHILD THE ABC APPROACH:
A: Ask your parent and the dog handler before you pet a dog as I said earlier
B: Be a tree if the dog is loose or too excited
C: Coochie coo on the side of the neck to pet the dog
Ensure that when a child visits a house with a dog, the dog will not be unsupervised with the children.
Teach your child to “be a tree” when confronted with an unknown, overly friendly or hostile dog. Stop. Fold your branches (hands) and watch your roots grow (look at feet) and count in your head until the dog goes away or help comes.
Teach your child to “be a rock” if the dog actually jumps on them and knocks them down (curl up and protect face and neck with hands and arms).
Never stare at a dog in the eyes or put their faces up to a dog’s face.
Never go near a dog who is eating or drinking or chewing on something.
Never approach a dog that is on a bed or furniture.
Never approach a dog that is tied up or in a vehicle.
Never try to pet a dog through a fence or in a crate.
Never climb over a fence into a dog’s yard, even if the dog is usually friendly.
Never try to break up a dog fight or interact with dogs that are play fighting.
Leave dogs alone that are sleeping, resting, injured, very old or with puppies.
Teach your child about canine body language
A safe dog is one that has a soft, relaxed, happy face and a wiggly body.
A dangerous dog has his mouth closed or mouth open with tight lips, ears forward, intense look, hard body.
A dog about to bite may be growling, showing his teeth, raising fur along his back or holding his tail high in the air (he may even be wagging it). He may freeze and stare.
Teach children to play safe games such as fetch that do not involve running or rough play and to play only with their own dog.
The Family Dog
Sometimes it is difficult for children to understand that the family dog may not always welcome their attention. It may seem hard to believe, but most bites to children are by the family dog or other dogs known to the child. Kids (and parents) assume that because the dog knows, likes or loves them that it won’t bite them. Dogs don’t think this way. A dog may snap or bite in annoyance because the child is bothering it at that moment, whether the dog loves the child or not.
Here is an example with which most kids can identify.
When you are home at night watching TV or reading a bedtime story you might like to sit on your Mom or Dad’s knee or have them whisper “I love you” in your ear. However, if you are out on the soccer field or at school with your friends or acting in the school play you might not want to sit on a parent’s lap or have them run out in the middle of the game or the play to whisper in your ear. It’s the same for dogs. If they are busy doing something, or interested in another dog or a squirrel, or they are tired they may not want to have attention from you that they might enjoy at other times.
A dog may indicate that it wants to be left alone by leaving the room, showing a half-moon eye, yawning or licking its chops when the kids are bothering it for weeks, months or even years before finally getting to the point that it feels it has no choice but to bite.
Parents often tell us that the dog bit without warning, but there is always a warning. Many people simply do not recognize the warning signs, even though the dog has been exhibiting these for weeks, months or even years.
What we are saying is that the dog will tell you if it is uncomfortable in a situation with a child (or with you). As a parent and/or dog owner it is up to you to educate yourself and your children so that you all know what the dog might be feeling. Dogs give us a lot of love and joy and we know that you want your dog to be happy and to have a great relationship with the family. Learning about dog body language and emotion and developing empathy for dogs is a great way to help improve the relationship with your dog.
Realize that even the nicest dog can be pushed to the point of biting if multiple stressors come into play.
Other People’s Dogs and Play Dates
You may not care about maintaining a good relationship with a dog, you just want to keep yourself and your kids safe. Dogs are everywhere and whether you love them, hate them or are indifferent, you and your kids are going to encounter them. It is important even for children who have dogs at home to learn that other people’s dogs may not be as nice and tolerant as their own dog.
Everyone will benefit from understanding dog body language and knowing when it is best to leave a dog alone or even to ask the dog’s owner to put him away if you are visiting. If you or your child is uncomfortable around a dog, don’t be shy! Ask the host to put the dog away. You could say something like this: “That is a lovely dog. I know he is friendly, but we are a bit uncomfortable around dogs. Would you mind putting him in another room or on a leash?”.
If your child is going to visit at a playmate’s house, ask if they have a dog and whether the dog will be confined when your child visits. If you are going to leave your child in a home daycare where there is a dog, be sure to visit, meet the dog and ensure that the dog will not be a threat to your child.
When you meet a strange dog always ask a dog’s owner if you may pet the dog. Some dogs shouldn’t be touched. He may be “on duty” as an assistance or service dog, or he may be injured, ill, or afraid of children.
Approach a dog from the front or side, not from behind. Hold your hands low and speak softly. Do not surprise a dog, force him into a corner, wave your hands in the air or scream at him.
If there’s one place a dog may get defensive, it’s at the food dish. Your dog should not growl when you get near his dish, but don’t interfere when a dog is eating.
Some dogs are very protective of their toys. Never take a bone or toy from a dog’s mouth unless he’s trained to drop it or give it to you.
Kids should avoid teasing, rough wrestling, or tug-of-war games. Dogs may get too enthusiastic in these sorts of games and forget you are not a dog. Fetch, frisbee, agility, and flyball are better outlets for your dog’s energy as a kid.
Respect a dog’s space. Dogs naturally defend their territories. Do not stick your hand inside a strange dog’s pen or car window. A dog may feel afraid and may react to protect himself or his territory.
Never try to break up a dogfight. While most fights end quickly, call an adult for help. Trying to separate fighting dogs or yelling at them may make them more excited, and they might turn on you or accidentally bite you.
Observe canine body language. Beware of a dog that is barking, growling, or showing his teeth. Stay away if his ears are back, the tail is up, or his hair is standing up on his back. Say “NO” firmly and slowly walk away with your arms by your side. Do not scream, stare into his eyes, or run away.
Tell your friends what you know. When friends come to your house, introduce them to your dog and explain the house rules.
Copyright © 2018–2019 DogTree Operating Company, OU. All Rights Reserved.