Dog Atopic Dermatitis



Atopic dermatitis is known as environmental allergies in dogs and is a major cause of chronic itching.

It is caused by an allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to some substances in the environment.

Just the way some humans can be allergic to smoke and dust and suffer from asthma dogs as well can be allergic to substances including foods.

Dogs with atopic dermatitis are usually itchy, with their face or their feet is always irritated

Sometimes even their skin can be reddened. Sometimes some part of their skin can be moist, or damaged due to excessive scratching or biting.

The ears may also be inflamed, and recurrent ear infections and wounds are quite common in dogs with dermatitis.

Other signs may include runny eyes or nose. It is important to seek vet care when u observe this with your dogs

Why does dermatitis develop?

Its caused by a combination of factors. Both genetics and environmental contributes

The condition is caused by an inappropriate immune reaction to the allergens, rather than by the allergens themselves just like in humans. Some persons can be exposed to smoke and dust but for others it might trigger asthma attack.

Many allergens are airborne and found nearly everywhere. Some are present year-round (such as housedust, dust mites, and some molds) while others are found at high levels only at some times during the year

Dermatitis in dogs is caused primarily by exposure to these allergens through the skin, but breathing them in can also result in signs.

The diagnosis is based on your observations of your dog and on your vets physical examination.  parasites and food can also cause this.

Blood allergy testing and other form of test is used to determine the substances your dogs could be allergic to. Blood testing attempts to measure antibody levels that your dog has formed against particular allergens.

How is atopic dermatitis treated?

Atopic dermatitis can be treated in many different ways. Limiting your dogs exposure to his allergens is ideal, but not usually practical as it may mean relocating to a different climate.  Other treatments are usually necessary. These include:

Immunotherapy:
A series of injections made from allergens that your dog is sensitive to can be given to induce “tolerance” to these substances. When these substances are then encountered in the environment, your dog should be much less sensitive to them.

Anti-inflammatory medications are usually helpful to reduce itching in your dog. Since each dog is very much an individual, some dogs need a trial with different drugs to find one that works best. Fatty acid supplements may also be helpful for mildly affected dogs or in conjunction with other treatments.

Topical therapy:
Medicated shampoos and conditioners can bring relief to many dogs. Bathing removes the allergens that are adhering to the surface of the skin, and the medicated ingredients also help to reduce itching and control secondary infections. Using lukewarm water for these medicated baths also helps cool the skin to further reduce itching. And also destroys ticks and fleas that maybe causing these allergies on your dog.

Antibacterial and antifungal medications:
Because dogs with atopic dermatitis are prone to recurrent bacterial and yeast infections of the skin and ears, your vet may need to address these infections in addition to treating the atopic dermatitis.

Medications used in such treatments might include antibiotics and or antifungals drugs. Your may also use topical therapy with antibacterial and antifungal shampoos, which can also help resolve and prevent these bacterial and yeast infections.

It is also very important for any dog with atopic dermatitis to be on a year-round, comprehensive flea control program.

Atopic dogs tend to be more sensitive to the bites of fleas, so even occasional flea bites should be prevented. Keep your environment and your dogs always major.

 

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